Laws Restricting Face-Coverings and Religious Symbols

Compiled by David Rand

2018-10-24
Updated 2019-02-13

Country
[Region]
Date Restrictions & Notes
Algeria 2018
[Effective: 2018]
  • Ban on face coverings in public schools.
  • Decision by the Ministry of Education to enforce an existing rule (original date unknown).
Algeria 2018-10-18
  • Ban on face coverings worn by public servants while on duty.
  • Official ban on the full veil (niqab) in the workplace, published by the Direction Générale de la Fonction Publique (DGFP).
Austria 2017-05
[Effective: 2017-10]
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
  • Ban on the quran in public.
Belgium 2011-06-01
[Effective: 2011-07-23]
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
Bulgaria 2016-09
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
Cameroon 2015-07
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
  • The ban was adopted following suicide bombings by people wearing veils.
  • The ban is now active in five of the country’s provinces.
Canada
[Quebec]
2017-10-18
  • Ban on face coverings in public services.
  • The ban is extremely weak because of exceptions allowed by the law.
  • The ban (section 10 of Bill 62) has been temporarily suspended by Quebec Superior Court as of December 2017.
Chad 2015-06
  • Ban on face coverings everywhere.
China
[Xinjiang]
2017
  • Ban on face coverings everywhere.
  • Ban on Islamic beards everywhere.
Congo-Brazzaville 2015
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
  • Congo-Brazzaville’s official name is Republic of the Congo, not to be confused with Congo-Kinshasa or the Democratic Republic of the Congo whose capital is Kinshasa.
Denmark 2008
  • Ban on religious symbols worn by judges in courtrooms.
Denmark 2018-05-31
[Effective: 2018-08-01]
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
Egypt 2016
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
France 2004
  • Ban on religious symbols in public schools.
France 2010-10-11
[Effective: 2011-04-11]
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
  • France was the first European country to institute a nationalwide ban on the full veil in public.
France 2016
[Repealed: 2016-08-26]
  • Ban on the burkini in public.
  • The burkini ban was overthrown by France’s highest administrative court.
Germany 2017-04
  • Ban on face coverings worn by public servants while on duty.
Germany
[Bavaria]
2017-02
  • Ban on face coverings worn by public servants while on duty.
Iran 1936
[Repealed: 1979]
  • Ban on hijabs everywhere.
  • Ban on chadors everywhere.
  • Ban instituted by Pahlavi ruler Reza Shah.
Italy
[Some northern regions]
1975
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
Italy
[Lombardy]
2015-12
[Effective: 2016-01-01]
  • Ban on face coverings in public services.
  • Ban on the burkini in public.
Morocco 2017-01
  • Ban on face coverings everywhere.
Morocco 2018
  • Ban on face coverings everywhere, manufacture and sale also forbidden.
  • It is henceforth forbidden to manufacture, sell or wear the burqa, a traditional article
    of clothing worn by the Pashtun tribes of Afghanistan.
Netherlands 2016-11-29
[Effective: 2018-06]
  • Ban on face coverings in public services.
  • More precisely: Ban on wearing clothing that completely covers the face or only shows the eyes, in educational institutions, on public transport, in government institutions and hospitals.
  • Senate (upper house) approval obtained 2018-06, which is final hurdle before becoming law.
Niger
[Diffa]
2015
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
  • Diffa is a southern region of the country, bordering on a part of Nigeria where Boko Haram is active.
Russia
[Stavropol]
2013-07
  • Ban on hijabs everywhere.
  • July, 2013 is the date that Russia’s Supreme Court upheld the ban.
Spain
[Barcelona and other parts of Catalonia]
2010
[Repealed: 2013]
  • Ban on face coverings in public services.
  • The ban was adopted only in some parts of Catalonia.
  • The repeal occurred only in some parts of Catalonia and is maintained in others.
Switzerland 2016-09
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
  • This measure, which would apply nationwide, has not yet become law.
Switzerland
[Canton of Geneva]
2019-02-10
  • Ban on religious symbols worn by public servants while on duty.
Switzerland
[Canton of Saint-Gall]
2018-09-23
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
Switzerland
[Canton of Ticino]
2013-09
[Effective: 2016-07-01]
  • Ban on face coverings in public.
Turkey 1923
[Repealed: 2013]
  • Ban on religious symbols worn by public servants while on duty.
  • The ban applied to all veils, including the hijab, i.e. not just those which cover the face.
  • The repeal applied to the hijab, but the ban remained in effect in the judiciary, military and police.
  • The repeal was extended to the police in August 2016, so policewomen may now wear the hijab.
United States of America 1837
[Repealed: 2019]
  • Ban on head coverings worn by members in the legislative assembly.
  • The repeal was announced in late 2018 and is expected to become effective in 2019.

References

  1. Agence France-Presse, Dutch approve partial ban on burqa wearing in public
  2. Agence France-Presse, Full veil banned in Niger over Boko Haram fears
  3. Agence France-Presse, Genève interdit aux employés publics de porter des signes religieux
  4. Agence France-Presse, Le voile désormais autorisé dans le Congrès américain
  5. Agence France-Presse, Stockholm, Le voile intégral interdit dans l’espace public au Danemark
  6. Agerholm, Harriet, Morocco bans burqa over security concerns
  7. AlgerieMondeInfos, Maroc : interdiction de la fabrication, la vente et le port de la burqa
  8. ATS, St-Gall devient le deuxième canton à interdire la burqa
  9. Ayoye Monde, L’Égypte songe maintenant bannir la burqa
  10. BBC, The Islamic veil across Europe
  11. Blair, David, Why West Africa’s Muslim-majority states are banning the burqa
  12. Canada, Parlement, Le maintien de l’ordre et le décorum
  13. Canada, Parliament, Rules of Order and Decorum
  14. CNEWS, L’Égypte veut interdire le niqab dans les lieux publics
  15. Dearden, Lizzie, Austrian parliament passes burqa ban seeing Muslim women face £130 fines for wearing
    full-face veils
  16. Dearden, Lizzie, Burqa bans: After Angela Merkel calls for prohibition on full veils, what is the situation
    in other European countries?
  17. Dearden, Lizzie, China bans burqas and ‘abnormal’ beards in Muslim province of Xinjiang
  18. Dearden, Lizzie, German parliament votes in favour of partial burqa ban
  19. Dearden, Lizzie, German state bans burqa in schools and government buildings as part of ‘Christian
    values’
  20. Devaney, Beulah Maud, Listen to what Muslim women in the Netherlands say about the Dutch burqa ban and you’ll
    realise why it won’t stop radicalisation
  21. [other], ECOWAS LEADERS SEEK TO BAN WEARING OF HIJABS (FULL FACE VEILS)
  22. Evans, Stephen, Do Burqa Bans Do More Harm Than Good?
  23. Foster, Alice, Where in the world are the burka and niqab banned?
  24. Govan, Fiona, Spain overturns Islamic face veil ban
  25. HuffPost Algérie, Le directeur général des douanes rappelle que le port du voile est interdit selon
    la réglementation en vigueur
  26. Johnson, Boris, Denmark has got it wrong. Yes, the burka is oppressive and ridiculous – but that’s
    still no reason to ban it
  27. Klijnman, Carline, Islamic Veil and Distribution of Quran Banned in Austria
  28. Krasimirov, Angel, Bulgaria bans full-face veils in public places
  29. Makedhi, Madjid, Interdiction du niqab à l’école
  30. Namazie, Maryam, Britain should ban the niqab
  31. Namazie, Maryam, Neither Veil nor Submission
  32. Reuters Staff, Barcelona to ban veil in public buildings
  33. RT, Interdire la burqa ? Un canton suisse vote massivement pour
  34. Sanghani, Radhika, Burka bans: The countries where Muslim women can’t wear veils
  35. Shérazade, Le gouvernement Algérien interdit le voile intégral « niqab » dans les lieux de travail
  36. Sioui, Marie-Michèle, Québec renonce une fois de plus à défendre sa loi sur la neutralité religieuse
  37. Smith, Roff, Why Turkey Lifted Its Ban on the Islamic Headscarf
  38. Stickings, Tim, EGYPT considers banning the burqa in crackdown against Islamic extremists
  39. Willingham, A. J., New Muslim congresswoman will seek to allow religious headwear in the House

One comment on “Laws Restricting Face-Coverings and Religious Symbols
  1. Fouad khoury says:

    Unfortunately in Canada
    Our charter of rights is too
    Vague. Should be revised
    And modified to face those
    Who are trying to impose their imported ideology and
    Culture.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

Print This Page Print This Page